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Il dado, il filo, la chiave, l’anello, lo specchio, il bottone e la sfera sono cose semplici che incontriamo quotidianamente, ma di cui spesso ci dimentichiamo, perché la cultura contemporanea sempre più si lascia ammaliare dalla complessità dei sistemi e dalla leggerezza delle realtà virtuali. Questo saggio, facendo il controcanto alle cinque Lezioni americane di Italo Calvino, esamina come le "cose semplici" di fatto spesso dimostrino la loro importanza nella semplicità, nella lentezza, nella pesantezza, nella singolarità, nella stessa invisibilità.
Have you ever lain awake at night fretting over how we can be sure of the reality of the external world? Perhaps we are in fact disembodied brains, floating in vats at the whim of some deranged puppet-master? If so, you are not alone – and what’s more, you are in exalted company. For this question and other ones like it have been the stuff of philosophical rumination from Plato to Popper. In a series of accessible and engagingly written essays, 50 Philosophy Ideas You Really Need to Know introduces and explains the problems of knowledge, consciousness, identity, ethics, belief, justice and aesthetics that have engaged the attention of thinkers from the era of the ancient Greeks to the present day.
The Great East Japan Earthquake, which occurred on March 11, 2011, reminded us that we were just one species within the great cycle of life on earth, that we were allowed to survive only because of nature, and that the idea that we were somehow able to conquer nature was simply an illusion. Now more than ever it is time that we confront head-on the change from the “underground resources” type of civilization to one with a new way of life and technology that embraces a sense of nature. To do so, we must learn from nature, the only sustainable society on earth, and create technology that embraces such a view of nature.
You’re no idiot, of course. You know Eastern philosophy encompasses many countries and concepts, but when it comes to breaking down the basics—to discuss with others or for your own enlightenment—you can’t tell Confucius from Krishna.Don’t nix nirvana just yet! The Complete Idiot’s Guide® to Eastern Philosophy is an extensive, reader-friendly guide that maps out the terrain along the various paths of knowledge. In this Complete Idiot’s Guide®, you get:A wealth of information about the history and core beliefs of each philosophical system.O
‘Philosophy: The Basics deservedly remains the most recommended introduction to philosophy on the market. Warburton is patient, accurate and, above all, clear. There is no better short introduction to philosophy.’ – Stephen Law, author of The Philosophy Gym
Philosophy: The Basics gently eases the reader into the world of philosophy. Each chapter considers a key area of philosophy, explaining and exploring the basic ideas and themes including:
For the fifth edition of this best-selling book, Nigel Warburton has added an entirely new chapter on animals, revised others and brought the further reading sections up to date.
Authors: Rescher, NicholasProvides a unique insight into philosophy by one of its principal contemporary exponentsGives a clear and comprehensive account of how pragmatism figures on the contemporary philosophical sceneA series of case studies shows how pragmatism’s methodological perspectives can be applied and implemented in a wide variety of practicesThis book showcases the history and theory of pragmatism and its alignment to the sensibilities of contemporary analytic philosophy. It does this not only by describing its mode of operation and explaining its legitimating rationale, but also by substantiating its claims by a series of instructive case studies.
Explains and contextualises the key concepts in Jean-Luc Nancy’s entire body of workThis dictionary equips students and scholars alike with insights into the philosophical and theoretical background to Nancy’s work.Drawing on the internationally recognised expertise of a multidisciplinary team of contributors, the entries explain all of his main concepts, in particular his focus on community and aesthetics, contextualising these within his work as a whole and relating him to his contemporaries.Contributors include: Jane Hiddleston, Ian James, Oliver Marchart and Todd May
By looking at the history of thought, this Practical Guide will help you to do things to improve your well-being; to free yourself from the various disturbances of life; to overcome irrational expectations that cause us distress and to understand the causes of suffering. Full of straightforward advice and examples and written by an expert on the subject, this book will help you understand what constitutes happiness, and how to make positive changes to become happier in your own life.
Are UFOs the product of other planets or merely of overactive imaginations? Are the mysterious events of the Bermuda Triangle only sensational journalism? How does one explain rocks and ice falling from clear skies? Are reports of the appearance of prehistoric animals and of nonhuman forms old wives’ tales or facts?These unusual events have stimulated the curiosity of man for years and have been the subject of lurid accounts in popular press. Now Michael A. Persinger, a psychologist and research scientist, and Gyslaine F.
This book introduces advanced semantic web technologies, illustrating their utility and highlighting their implementation in biological, medical, and clinical scenarios. It covers topics ranging from database, ontology, and visualization to semantic web services and workflows.
Origin(s) of Design in Nature is a collection of over 40 articles from prominent researchers in the life, physical, and social sciences, medicine, and the philosophy of science that all address the philosophical and scientific question of how design emerged in the natural world. The volume offers a large variety of perspectives on the design debate including progressive accounts from artificial life, embryology, complexity, cosmology, theology and the philosophy of biology.
Vitalism is understood as impacting the history of the life sciences, medicine and philosophy, representing an epistemological challenge to the dominance of mechanism over the last 200 years, and partly revived with organicism in early theoretical biology.
This book investigates Chinese comprehension and treatment of the relationship between language and reality. The work examines ancient Chinese philosophy through the pair of concepts known as ming-shi. By analyzing the pre-Qin thinkers’ discourse on ming and shi, the work explores how Chinese philosophers dealt with issues not only in language but also in ontology, epistemology, ethics, axiology, and logic. Through this discourse analysis, readers are invited to rethink the relationship of language to thought and behavior.
Taking scientific practice as its starting point, this book charts the complex territory of models used in science. It examines what scientific models are and what their function is. Reliance on models is pervasive in science, and scientists often need to construct models in order to explain or predict anything of interest at all. The diversity of kinds of models one finds in science – ranging from toy models and scale models to theoretical and mathematical models – has attracted attention not only from scientists, but also from philosophers, sociologists, and historians of science.
This volume presents an innovative look at early modern medicine and natural philosophy as historically interrelated developments. The individual chapters chart this interrelation in a variety of contexts, from the Humanists who drew on Hippocrates, Galen, and Aristotle to answer philosophical and medical questions, to medical debates on the limits and power of mechanism, and on to eighteenth-century controversies over medical materialism and ‘atheism.’
This volume broadens our understanding of both philosophy and medicine in this period by illustrating the ways these disciplines were in deep theoretical and methodological dialogue and by demonstrating the importance of this dialogue for understanding their history.
These papers, then, are thus an argument to the effect that to overlook the medical context of natural philosophy and the philosophical context of medicine is to overlook fundamentally important aspects of these intellectual endeavors.
The terrorist attacks occurred in the United States on 11 September 2001 have profoundly altered and reshaped the priorities of criminal justice systems around the world. Atrocities like the 9/11 attacks, the Madrid train bombings of March 2003, and the terrorist act to the United Kingdom of July 2005 threatened the life of democratic nations.
The present work is a fair record of work I’ve done on the fallacies and related matters in the fifteen years since 1986. The book may be seen as a sequel to Fallacies: Selected papers 1972-1982, which I wrote with Douglas Walton, and which appeared in 1989 with Foris. This time I am on my own. Douglas Walton has, long since, found his own voice, as the saying has it; and so have I. Both of us greatly value the time we spent performing duets, but we also recognize the attractions of solo work. If I had to characterize the difference that has manifested itself in our later work, I would venture that Walton has strayed more, and I less, from what has come to be called the Woods-Walton Approach to the study of fallacies.
Kant is a pivotal thinker in Adorno′s intellectual world. Yet although he wrote monographs on Hegel, Husserl and Kierkegaard, the closest he came to an extended discussion of Kant are two lecture courses, one concentrating on the Critique of Pure Reason and the other on the Critique of Practical Reason. This new volume by Adorno comprises his lectures on the former.
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