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In the more than thirty years since the publication of Daniel H. Janzen’s classic Costa Rican Natural History, research in this small but astonishingly biodiverse, well-preserved, and well-studied Latin American nation has evolved from a species-level approach to the study of entire ecosystems. And from the lowland dry forests of Guanacaste to the montane cloud forests of Monteverde, from the seasonal forests of the Central Valley to the coastal species assemblages of Tortuguero, Costa Rica has proven to be as richly diverse in ecosystems as it is in species.I
The Arctic Tundra and adjacent Boreal Forest or Taiga support the most cold-adapted flora and fauna on Earth. The evolutionary capacity of both plants and animals to adapt to these thermally limiting conditions has always attracted biological investigation and is a central theme of this book. How the polar biota will adapt to a warmer world is creating significant and renewed interest in this habitat. The Arctic has always been subject to climatic fluctuation and the polar biota has successfully adapted to these changes throughout its evolutionary history.
This book synthesizes current methods used to quantify functional diversity, providing step-by-step examples for defining functional groups and estimating functional indices. The authors show how to compare communities, and how to analyze changes of diversity along environmental gradients, using real-life examples throughout. One section of the book demonstrates the selection of traits, and the standardization and characterization of ecosystem data. Another section presents methods used to quantify functional diversity, shows how to relate functional diversity with environmental variables and how to connect these to ecosystem services.
The second largest order of mammals, Chiroptera comprises more than one thousand species of bats. Because of their mobility, bats are often the only native mammals on isolated oceanic islands, where more than half of all bat species live. These island bats represent an evolutionarily distinctive and ecologically significant part of the earth’s biological diversity.Island Bats is the first book to focus solely on the evolution, ecology, and conservation of bats living in the world’s island ecosystems.
Editors: Albuquerque, Ulysses Paulino, Nóbrega Alves, Rômulo Romeu (Eds.)Introductory ethnobiology textbook for beginners Includes a formal presentation of theories and approaches on the interrelationship between people and natural resources Explains evolution and ecology as driving forces to understand human behavior regarding natural resourcesIncludes a reference list in each chapter as well as a small dictionary of ethnobiology terms and related areasThis textbook provides a basic introduction to ethnobiology with key concepts for beginners.
The first stand-alone textbook for at least ten years on this increasingly hot topic in times of global climate change and sustainability in ecosystems.Ecological biochemistry refers to the interaction of organisms with their abiotic environment and other organisms by chemical means. Biotic and abiotic factors determine the biochemical flexibility of organisms, which otherwise easily adapt to environmental changes by altering their metabolism. Sessile plants, in particular, have evolved intricate biochemical response mechanisms to fit into a changing environment.
This new, larger format edition of the best-selling and well-known The Wildlife of Southern Africa – A Field Guide to the Animals and Plants of the Region is designed to provide an even more user-friendly manual, with larger text and bigger, clearer images.
In this book, the authors present topical research in the study of the ecology, behavior and cognition of elephants. Topics discussed in this compilation include the fertility, birth rate, infant mortality and survivorship of elephants in human care; the arrival of elephants on the island of Cyprus and their subsequent accumulation in fossil sites; habit relationships of Asian elephants; fertility control and African elephants; elephant milk; the influence of swamps and seasons on the density and diversity of large wild mammals in Amboseli National Park, Kenya and the numerical cognition of elephants.
Remote photography and infrared sensors are widely used in the sampling of wildlife populations worldwide, especially for cryptic or elusive species. Guiding the practitioner through the entire process of using camera traps, this book is the first to compile state-of-the-art sampling techniques for the purpose of conducting high-quality science or effective management.
Für dieses bewährte Ökologielehrbuch wurden viele Dozenten nach ihren Lehrinhalten befragt. Das frische Layout, der strukturierte Text und Prüfungsfragen erleichtern das Lernen und die Vorbereitung auf die Prüfung. Zahlreiche zweifarbige Abbildungen illustrieren die dargestellten Sachverhalte, Tabellen geben Hintergrundzahlen. Für die 3. Auflage wurde das Buch gründlich durchgesehen, viele Sachverhalte wurden aktualisiert und Teilkapitel überarbeitet. Zusätzlich wurden einige neueren Entwicklungen in der Ökologie berücksichtigt.
Eight thousand years ago, when the sea cut Britain off from the rest of the Continent, the island’s fauna was very different: most of the animals familiar to us today were not present, whilst others, now extinct, were abundant. Over the course of millennia humans have manipulated Britain’s fauna. For reasons of fear, suspicion, desire, or simply inadvertently, certain species were brought to extinction. In their place new animals were introduced: some transported purposefully by invading populations, others sent as royal gifts from far off lands, whilst several species arrived as stowaways.
Ecology: Concepts and Applications by Molles places great emphasis on helping students grasp the main concepts of ecology while keeping the presentation more applied than theoretical. An evolutionary perspective forms the foundation of the entire discussion. The book begins with the natural history of the planet, considers portions of the whole in the middle chapters, and ends with another perspective of the entire planet in the concluding chapter. Its unique organization of focusing only on several key concepts in each chapter sets it apart from other ecology texts.
Users who purchase Connect Plus receive access to the full online ebook version of the textbook.
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