Showing 73–96 of 172 results
Modeling Chemical Systems using Cellular Automata provides a practical introduction to an exciting modeling paradigm for complex systems. The book first discusses the nature of scientific inquiry using models and simulations, and then describes the nature of cellular automata models.
Providing a snapshot of the state-of-the-art in this fast-moving field, this book will be welcomed by industrialists and researchers. The need to improve both the efficiency and environmental acceptability of industrial processes is driving the development of heterogeneous catalysts across the chemical industry, including commodity, specialty and fine chemicals and in pharmaceuticals and agrochemicals.
Perspectives in Supramolecular Chemistry will relate recent developments and new exciting approaches in supramolecular chemistry. In supramolecular chemistry, our aim is to understand the molecular chemistry beyond the covalent bond the series will concentrate on goal-orientated supramolecular chemistry.
"The Facts On File Biology Handbook, Revised Edition" offers students a full view of this vital branch of science, in the form of a one-stop reference, with more than 1,700 glossary entries.
A modern introduction to the subject taking a unique integrated approach designed to appeal to both science and engineering students. Covering a broad spectrum of topics, this book includes numerous up–to–date examples of real materials with relevant applications and a modern treatment of key concepts. The science bias allows this book to be equally accessible to engineers, chemists and physicists. ∗ Carefully structured into self–contained bite–sized chapters to enhance student understanding ∗ Questions have been designed to reinforce the concepts presented ∗ Includes coverage of radioactivity ∗ Relects a rapidly growing field from the science perspective
This book documents the latest research and opinion on starch structure and its function as a food material. Starch, in its many forms, provides an essential food energy source for the world’s human population. It is therefore vital for manufacturers (and ultimately consumers) to have increased understanding of the granule synthesis and its behaviour in modern food processing.
Deals with new EC legislation the Water FrameworkDirective; the main driver within Europe for groundwater monitoringwhich addresses integrated water resource management across 27different countries Provides comprehensive approach and guidance on the theoreticaland practical aspects for implementing the directive Edited by EC representatives involved in the setting up of theframework, along with colleagues in various water institutions whohave the task of implementing the legislation
Using new instrumentation and experimental techniques that allow scientists to observe chemical reactions and molecular properties at the nanoscale, the authors of Surface and Nanomolecular Catalysis reveal new insights into the surface chemistry of catalysts and the reaction mechanisms that actually occur at a molecular level during catalysis.
Biophysical Chemistry covers the physical chemistry of biological macromolecules and the experimental techniques used to study them. Topics covered include: an introduction to biological molecules; spectroscopy, mass spectrometry and hydrodynamics of macromolecules; a "bluffer’s guide" to molecular thermodynamics; biomolecular kinetics; chromatography and electrophoresis; and single-molecule methods.
The Thermodynamic Machinery of Life presents the relevant foundations of nonequilibrium thermodynamics as applied to biological processes taking place at the subcellular level. The biological cell is considered as a complex open thermodynamic system far from equilibrium that enzymatically controls various biochemical reactions and transport processes across internal and the cytoplasmatic membrane.
Making a clear distinction is made between nano- and micro-mechanical testing for physical reasons, this monograph describes the basics and applications of the supermicroscopies AFM and SNOM, and of the nanomechanical testing on rough and technical natural surfaces in the submicron range down to a lateral resolution of a few nm.
This thesis investigates a range of experimental and computational approaches for the discovery of solid forms. Furthermore, we gain, as readers, a better understanding of the key factors underpinning solid-structure and diversity. A major part of this thesis highlights experimental work carried out on two structurally very similar compounds. Another important section involves looking at the influence of small changes in structure and substituents on solid-structure and diversity using computational tools including crystal structure prediction, PIXEL calculations, Xpac, Mercury and statistical modeling tools.
To be successful in the international marketplace, corporations must have access to the latest developments and most recent experimental data. Traditional handbooks of heat transfer stress fundamental principles, analytical approaches to thermal problems, and elegant solutions to classical problems.
Catalysis will be of interest to anyone working in academia and industry that needs an up-to-date critical analysis and summary of catalysis research and applications.
Nanotechnology brings new possibilities for the development of sensors, biosensors, and novel electrochemical bioassays. Nanoscale materials have been extensively used in a wide variety of configurations ― as electrode surfaces to promote electrochemical reaction, as "wires" to enzymes connecting their redox centers to electrode surface, as nanobarcodes for biomolecules, or as tags to amplify the signal of a biorecognition event.Nanomaterial-based electrochemical sensors have been used in many areas, including cancer diagnostics and the detection of infectious organisms.
Exploring and highlighting the new horizons in the studies of reaction mechanisms that open joint application of experimental studies and theoretical calculations is the goal of this book. The latest insights and developments in the mechanistic studies of organometallic reactions and catalytic processes are presented and reviewed. The book adopts a unique approach, exemplifying how to use experiments, spectroscopy measurements, and computational methods to reveal reaction pathways and molecular structures of catalysts, rather than concentrating solely on one discipline.
This book contains selected values of the thermochemical properties of well over 3000 mostly inorganic substances. Values are given for enthalpy of formation and entropy at 298 K. Using the compiled fixed Cp values or the Cp/T functions in the form of a polynomial, the enthalpy, entropy, and Gibbs free energy values at other temperatures can be calculated.
The Nobel Prize of 1986 on Sc- ning Tunneling Microscopy sig- led a new era in imaging. The sc- ning probes emerged as a new i- trument for imaging with a pre- sion suf?cient to delineate single atoms. At ?rst there were two – the Scanning Tunneling Microscope, or STM, and the Atomic Force Mic- scope, or AFM. The STM relies on electrons tunneling between tip and sample whereas the AFM depends on the force acting on the tip when it was placed near the sample. These were quickly followed by the – gneticForceMicroscope,MFM,and the Electrostatic Force Microscope, EFM.
Reflecting the growing volume of published work in this field, researchers will find this book an invaluable source of information on current methods and applications.
As with the beginning of the twentieth century, when food safety standards and the therapeutic benefits of certain foods and supplements first caught the public s attention, the dawn of the twenty–first century finds a great social priority placed on the science of food safety.
This journey through the fascinating world of molecular topology focuses on catenanes, rotaxanes and knots, their synthesis, properties, and applications and the theory of interlocking and interpenetrating molecules. Nearly one hundred years of progress have passed since Willstätter′s speculative vision of a molecule consisting of two interlinked rings.
The use of hazardous chemicals such as methyl isocyanate can be a significant concern to the residents of communities adjacent to chemical facilities, but is often an integral part of the chemical manufacturing process. In order to ensure that chemical manufacturing takes place in a manner that is safe for workers, members of the local community, and the environment, the philosophy of inherently safer processing can be used to identify opportunities to eliminate or reduce the hazards associated with chemical processing.
Comprehensive in coverage, written and edited by leading experts in the field, this Handbook is a definitive, up–to–date reference work. The Volumes Methods I and Methods II detail the physico–chemical basis and capabilities of the various microscopy techniques used in materials science.
This work introduces the basic theories and experimental methods of anionic polymerization as well as the synthesis, analysis and characteristics of anionic polymerized products. It details the creation of linear and branched polymers, random and block copolymers, graft and macromonomers, and many other substances.
Showing 73–96 of 172 results