Showing 1–24 of 54 results
This book shows how the ADE Coxeter graphs unify at least 20 different types of mathematical structures. These mathematical structures are of great utility in unified field theory, string theory, and other areas of physics.
This is a collection of articles, many written by people who worked with Mandelbrot, memorializing the remarkable breadth and depth of his work in science and the arts. Contributors include mathematicians, physicists, biologists, economists, and engineers, as expected; and also artists, musicians, teachers, an historian, an architect, a filmmaker, and a comic. Some articles are quite technical, others entirely descriptive. All include stories about Benoit. Also included are chapters on fractals and music by Charles Wuorinen and by Harlan Brothers, on fractals and finance by Richard Hudson and by Christian Walter, on fractal invisibility cloaks by Nathan Cohen, and a personal reminiscence by Aliette Mandelbrot.
The book introduces Chinese culture to readers of English, using poetry from the various periods rendered into English verse to bring back to life past Chinese society as it developed from about 1000 B.C to the form we see today. With China’s increasing importance on the world stage today, many readers, no doubt, would want to learn more about its ancient culture. However, to learn about a culture from its history alone, especially one as long as that of China, is time-consuming and requires a historian’s expert skill.
Differential Geometry: A First Course is an introduction to the classical theory of space curves and surfaces offered at the Graduate and Post- Graduate courses in Mathematics. Based on Serret-Frenet formulae, the theory of space curves is developed and concluded with a detailed discussion on fundamental existence theorem. The theory of surfaces includes the first fundamental form with local intrinsic properties, geodesics on surfaces, the second fundamental form with local non-intrinsic properties and the fundamental equations of the surface theory with several applications.
Stochastic geometry involves the study of random geometric structures, and blends geometric, probabilistic, and statistical methods to provide powerful techniques for modeling and analysis. Recent developments in computational statistical analysis, particularly Markov chain Monte Carlo, have enormously extended the range of feasible applications. Stochastic Geometry: Likelihood and Computation provides a coordinated collection of chapters on important aspects of the rapidly developing field of stochastic geometry, including:o a "crash-course" introduction to key stochastic geometry themeso considerations of geometric sampling bias issueso tesselationso shapeo random setso image analysiso spectacular advances in likelihood-based inference now available to stochastic geometry through the techniques of Markov chain Monte Carlo
Diffusive motion–displacement due to the cumulative effect of irregular fluctuations–has been a fundamental concept in mathematics and physics since Einstein’s work on Brownian motion. It is also relevant to understanding various aspects of quantum theory. This book explains diffusive motion and its relation to both nonrelativistic quantum theory and quantum field theory. It shows how diffusive motion concepts lead to a radical reexamination of the structure of mathematical analysis.
Nato dall’esperienza dell’autore nell’insegnamento della topologia agli studenti del corso di Laurea in Matematica, questo libro contiene le nozioni fondamentali di topologia generale ed una introduzione alla topologia algebrica. La scelta degli argomenti, il loro ordine di presentazione e, soprattutto, il tipo di esposizione tiene conto delle tendenze attuali nell’insegnamento della topologia e delle novita nella struttura dei corsi di Laurea scientifici conseguenti all’introduzione del sistema 3+2.
Authors: Fomenko, Anatoly, Fuchs, DmitryUpdates a popular textbook from the golden era of the Moscow school of I. M. GelfandPresents material concisely but rigorouslyIlluminates the subject matter with a range of technical and artistic illustrations, along with a wealth of examples and computations meant to provide a treatment of the topic that is both deep and broadContains an entirely new chapter on K-theory and the Riemann-Roch theoremThis textbook on algebraic topology updates a popular textbook from the golden era of the Moscow school of I.
Designed for a one-semester course at the junior undergraduate level, Transformational Plane Geometry takes a hands-on, interactive approach to teaching plane geometry. The book is self-contained, defining basic concepts from linear and abstract algebra gradually as needed.
The text adheres to the National Council of Teachers of Mathematics Principles and Standards for School Mathematics and the Common Core State Standards Initiative Standards for Mathematical Practice. Future teachers will acquire the skills needed to effectively apply these standards in their classrooms.
Following Felix Klein’s Erlangen Program, the book provides students in pure mathematics and students in teacher training programs with a concrete visual alternative to Euclid’s purely axiomatic approach to plane geometry. After reviewing the essential principles of classical Euclidean geometry, the book covers general transformations of the plane with particular attention to translations, rotations, reflections, stretches, and their compositions. The authors apply these transformations to study congruence, similarity, and symmetry of plane figures and to classify the isometries and similarities of the plane.
Now in its 4th edition, Smith/Minton, Calculus: Early Transcendental Functions offers students and instructors a mathematically sound text, robust exercise sets and elegant presentation of calculus concepts. When packaged with ALEKS Prep for Calculus, the most effective remediation tool on the market, Smith/Minton offers a complete package to ensure students success in calculus. The new edition has been updated with a reorganization of the exercise sets, making the range of exercises more transparent.
Exact algorithms for dealing with geometric objects are complicated, hard to implement in practice, and slow. Over the last 20 years a theory of geometric approximation algorithms has emerged. These algorithms tend to be simple, fast, and more robust than their exact counterparts. This book is the first to cover geometric approximation algorithms in detail. In addition, more traditional computational geometry techniques that are widely used in developing such algorithms, like sampling, linear programming, etc.,
In this second edition of a Carus Monograph Classic, Steven G. Krantz, a leading worker in complex analysis and a winner of the Chauvenet Prize for outstanding mathematical exposition, develops material on classical non-Euclidean geometry. He shows how it can be developed in a natural way from the invariant geometry of the complex disk. He also introduces the Bergmann kernel and metric and provides profound applications, some of which have never appeared in print before. In general, the new edition represents a considerable polishing and re-thinking of the original successful volume.
The concept of ridges has appeared numerous times in the image processing liter ature. Sometimes the term is used in an intuitive sense. Other times a concrete definition is provided. In almost all cases the concept is used for very specific ap plications. When analyzing images or data sets, it is very natural for a scientist to measure critical behavior by considering maxima or minima of the data. These critical points are relatively easy to compute. Numerical packages always provide support for root finding or optimization, whether it be through bisection, Newton’s method, conjugate gradient method, or other standard methods.
Since its introduction by Friedhelm Waldhausen in the 1970s, the algebraic K-theory of spaces has been recognized as the main tool for studying parametrized phenomena in the theory of manifolds. However, a full proof of the equivalence relating the two areas has not appeared until now. This book presents such a proof, essentially completing Waldhausen’s program from more than thirty years ago.The main result is a stable parametrized h-cobordism theorem, derived from a homotopy equivalence between a space of PL h-cobordisms on a space X and the classifying space of a category of simple maps of spaces having X as deformation retract.
Singularities arise naturally in a huge number of different areas of mathematics and science. As a consequence, singularity theory lies at the crossroads of paths that connect many of the most important areas of applications of mathematics with some of its most abstract regions.The main goal in most problems of singularity theory is to understand the dependence of some objects of analysis, geometry, physics, or other science (functions, varieties, mappings, vector or tensor fields, differential equations, models, etc.)
In July 1996, a conference was organized by the editors of this volume at the Mathematische Forschungsinstitut Oberwolfach to honour Egbert Brieskorn on the occasion of his 60th birthday. Most of the mathematicians invited to the conference have been influenced in one way or another by Brieskorn’s work in singularity theory. It was the first time that so many people from the Russian school could be present at a conference in singularity theory outside Russia. This volume contains papers on singularity theory and its applications, written by participants of the conference.
The reach of algebraic curves in cryptography goes far beyond elliptic curve or public key cryptography yet these other application areas have not been systematically covered in the literature. Addressing this gap, Algebraic Curves in Cryptography explores the rich uses of algebraic curves in a range of cryptographic applications, such as secret sharing, frameproof codes, and broadcast encryption.Suitable for researchers and graduate students in mathematics and computer science, this self-contained book is one of the first to focus on many topics in cryptography involving algebraic curves.
In recent years scholars from a variety of branches of mathematics have made several significant developments in the theory of group actions. Groups of Circle Diffeomorphisms systematically explores group actions on the simplest closed manifold, the circle. As the group of circle diffeomorphisms is an important subject in modern mathematics, this book will be of interest to those doing research in group theory, dynamical systems, low dimensional geometry and topology, and foliation theory. The book is mostly self-contained and also includes numerous complementary exercises, making it an excellent textbook for undergraduate and graduate students.
Authors: Jones, Gareth A., Wolfart, JürgenProvides basic material about maps and hypermaps on Riemann surfacesPresents many elementary and less elementary examples of Galois actions on dessins and their algebraic curves Emphasises the role of group theory in the classification of regular maps, regular dessins, and quasiplatonic surfaces Explains the links between the theory of dessins and other areas of arithmetic and geometryThis volume provides an introduction to dessins d’enfants and embeddings of bipartite graphs in compact Riemann surfaces.
Authors: Tkachuk, Vladimir V.Contains a wide variety of top-notch methods and results of Cp-theory and general topology presented with detailed proofsPresents and classifies 100 open problems in Cp-theory explaining their relationship with previous researchIntroduces the reader to the theories of u-equivalent spaces and l-equivalent spacesAbout this TextbookThis fourth volume in Vladimir Tkachuk’s series on Cp-theory gives reasonably complete coverage of the theory of functional equivalencies through 500 carefully selected problems and exercises.
The space we see around us is the end product of a long series of processes: physical, physiological, and cognitive. It is a highly structured perceptual entity. In contrast to the fact that most studies of visual perception are concerned with local phenomena in this visual space, the main purpose of this book is to discuss the global structure of visual space. The physical space which surrounds us is of Euclidean structure, but its perceived image is not necessarily structured in that way. Problems such as why the sky appears as a vault and why the horizon is located at eye level are discussed in the book.
This revised, expanded, edition covers the theory, design, geometry and manufacture of all types of gears and gear drives. This is an invaluable reference for designers, theoreticians, students, and manufacturers. This edition includes advances in gear theory, gear manufacturing, and computer simulation. Among the new topics are: 1. New geometry for modified spur and helical gears, face-gear drives, and cycloidal pumps. 2. New design approaches for one stage planetary gear trains and spiral bevel gear drives.
This edition has been called ‘startlingly up-to-date’, and in this corrected second printing you can be sure that it’s even more contemporaneous. It surveys from a unified point of view both the modern state and the trends of continuing development in various branches of number theory.
The main goal of this book is to present the so-called birational Arakelov geometry, which can be viewed as an arithmetic analog of the classical birational geometry, i.e., the study of big linear series on algebraic varieties. After explaining classical results about the geometry of numbers, the author starts with Arakelov geometry for arithmetic curves, and continues with Arakelov geometry of arithmetic surfaces and higher-dimensional varieties. The book includes such fundamental results as arithmetic Hilbert-Samuel formula, arithmetic Nakai-Moishezon criterion, arithmetic Bogomolov inequality, the existence of small sections, the continuity of arithmetic volume function, the Lang-Bogomolov conjecture and so on.
Showing 1–24 of 54 results