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This book provides the first systematic treatment of modules over discrete valuation domains which plays an important role in various areas of algebra, especially in commutative algebra. Many important results representing the state of the art are presented in the text which is supplemented by exercises and interesting open problems. An important contribution to commutative algebra.
Authors: Barbeau, Edward J.Includes problems that are prime for standard assignments and more advanced problems for eager studentsProvides a model for institutions who may wish to establish math competitionsPrepares students for the Putnam mathematics competitionsAbout this TextbookThis text records the problems given for the first 15 annual undergraduate mathematics competitions, held in March each year since 2001 at the University of Toronto. Problems cover areas of single-variable differential and integral calculus, linear algebra, advanced algebra, analytic geometry, combinatorics, basic group theory, and number theory.
the advantages of group theory in physics were not recognized till 1925 when it was applied for formal study of theoretical foundations of quantum mechanics, atomic structures and spectra by, to name a few, H A Bethe, E P Wigner, etc. It has now become indispensable in several branches of physics and physical chemistry. Dr. Joshi develops the mathematics of group theory and then goes on to present its applications to quantum mechanics, crystallography, and solid state physics. For proper comprehension of representation theory, he has covered thoroughly such diverse but relevant topics as Hilbert spaces, function spaces, operators, and direct sum and product of matrices.
The study of Hopf algebras spans many fields in mathematics including topology, algebraic geometry, algebraic number theory, Galois module theory, cohomology of groups, and formal groups and has wide-ranging connections to fields from theoretical physics to computer science. This text is unique in making this engaging subject accessible to advanced graduate and beginning graduate students and focuses on applications of Hopf algebras to algebraic number theory and Galois module theory, providing a smooth transition from modern algebra to Hopf algebras.
After providing an introduction to the spectrum of a ring and the Zariski topology, the text treats presheaves, sheaves, and representable group functors. In this way the student transitions smoothly from basic algebraic geometry to Hopf algebras. The importance of Hopf orders is underscored with applications to algebraic number theory, Galois module theory and the theory of formal groups. By the end of the book, readers will be familiar with established results in the field and ready to pose research questions of their own.
An exercise set is included in each of twelve chapters with questions ranging in difficulty. Open problems and research questions are presented in the last chapter. Prerequisites include an understanding of the material on groups, rings, and fields normally covered in a basic course in modern algebra.
This book is intended to present group representation theory at a level accessible to mature undergraduate students and beginning graduate students. This is achieved by mainly keeping the required background to the level of undergraduate linear algebra, group theory and very basic ring theory. Module theory and Wedderburn theory, as well as tensor products, are deliberately avoided. Instead, we take an approach based on discrete Fourier Analysis. Applications to the spectral theory of graphs are given to help the student appreciate the usefulness of the subject.
Crystallographic groups are groups which act in a nice way and via isometries on some n-dimensional Euclidean space. They got their name, because in three dimensions they occur as the symmetry groups of a crystal (which we imagine to extend to infinity in all directions). The book is divided into two parts. In the first part, the basic theory of crystallographic groups is developed from the very beginning, while in the second part, more advanced and more recent topics are discussed. So the first part of the book should be usable as a textbook, while the second part is more interesting to researchers in the field.
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