Showing 25–48 of 1874 results
If geography is the study of how human beings are stretched over the earth’s surface, a vital part of that process is how we know and feel about space and time. Although space and time appear as "natural" and outside of society, they are in fact social constructions; every society develops different ways of measuring, organizing, and perceiving them. Given steady increases in the volume and velocity of social transactions over space, time and space have steadily "shrunk" via the process of time-space compression.
This new and updated edition deals with all aspects of Monte Carlo simulation of complex physical systems encountered in condensed-matter physics, statistical mechanics, and related fields. After briefly recalling essential background in statistical mechanics and probability theory, it gives a succinct overview of simple sampling methods. The concepts behind the simulation algorithms are explained comprehensively, as are the techniques for efficient evaluation of system configurations generated by simulation.
Fast Boundary Element Methods in Engineering and Industrial Applications /by Ulrich Langer, Martin Schanz, Olaf Steinbach, Wolfgang L. Wendland. This volume contains eight state of the art contributions on mathematical aspects and applications of fast boundary element methods in engineering and industry. This covers the analysis and numerics of boundary integral equations by using differential forms, preconditioning of hp boundary element methods, the application of fast boundary element methods for solving challenging problems in magnetostatics, the simulation of micro electro mechanical systems, and for contact problems in solid mechanics.
How Things Work provides an accessible introduction to physics for the non-science student. Like the previous editions it employs everyday objects, with which students are familiar, in case studies to explain the most essential physics concepts of day-to-day life. Lou Bloomfield takes seemingly highly complex devices and strips away the complexity to show how at their heart are simple physics ideas. Once these concepts are understood, they can be used to understand the behavior of many devices encountered in everyday life.
This monograph presents some theoretical and computational aspects of the parameterization method for invariant manifolds, focusing on the following contexts: invariant manifolds associated with fixed points, invariant tori in quasi-periodically forced systems, invariant tori in Hamiltonian systems and normally hyperbolic invariant manifolds. This book provides algorithms of computation and some practical details of their implementation. The methodology is illustrated with 12 detailed examples, many of them well known in the literature of numerical computation in dynamical systems.
This book covers the state-of-the-art of microalgae physiology and biochemistry (and the several –omics). It serves as a key reference work for those working with microalgae, whether in the lab, the field, or for commercial applications. It is aimed at new entrants into the field (i.e. PhD students) as well as experienced practitioners.
It has been over 40 years since the publication of a book on algal physiology. Apart from reviews and chapters no other comprehensive book on this topic has been published.
These lecture notes aim at providing a purely analytical and accessible proof of the Callias index formula. In various branches of mathematics (particularly, linear and nonlinear partial differential operators, singular integral operators, etc.) and theoretical physics (e.g., nonrelativistic and relativistic quantum mechanics, condensed matter physics, and quantum field theory), there is much interest in computing Fredholm indices of certain linear partial differential operators. In the late 1970’s, Constantine Callias found a formula for the Fredholm index of a particular first-order differential operator (intimately connected to a supersymmetric Dirac-type operator) additively perturbed by a potential, shedding additional light on the Fedosov-Hörmander Index Theorem.
The main focus of this book is on different topics in probability theory, partial differential equations and kinetic theory, presenting some of the latest developments in these fields. It addresses mathematical problems concerning applications in physics, engineering, chemistry and biology that were presented at the Third International Conference on Particle Systems and Partial Differential Equations, held at the University of Minho, Braga, Portugal in December 2014. The purpose of the conference was to bring together prominent researchers working in the fields of particle systems and partial differential equations, providing a venue for them to present their latest findings and discuss their areas of expertise.
This is a comprehensive survey on the research on the parabolic Anderson model – the heat equation with random potential or the random walk in random potential – of the years 1990 – 2015. The investigation of this model requires a combination of tools from probability (large deviations, extreme-value theory, e.g.) and analysis (spectral theory for the Laplace operator with potential, variational analysis, e.g.). We explain the background, the applications, the questions and the connections with other models and formulate the most relevant results on the long-time behavior of the solution, like quenched and annealed asymptotics for the total mass, intermittency, confinement and concentration properties and mass flow.
Der zweite Band dieser Reihe macht Lust auf Mathematik, und zwar auf Mathematik, die wie die Elementargeometrie im ersten Band lange Zeit den Schulunterricht geprägt hat.Die Leser können einen kurzen Blick auf die 4000-jährige Geschichte der quadratischen Gleichungen werfen und erfahren, was diese mit der Geometrie der Kegelschnitte zu tun haben. Darüber hinaus lernen sie Anwendungen der Kegelschnitte in der Physik und Astronomie kennen und entdecken, wie leistungsfähig selbst elementare Mathematik ist, wenn man sie ernst nimmt.
Authors: Christodoulides, CostasPresents a systematic description of more than 50 of the main relevant experimentsIncludes detailed solutions of all the problems at the end of the bookDescribes the historical development of the theory in detailThis book offers a comprehensive, university-level introduction to Einstein’s Special Theory of Relativity. In addition to the purely theoretical aspect, emphasis is also given to its historical development as well as to the experiments that preceded the theory and those performed in order to test its validity.T
Authors: Loday-Richaud, MichèleProvides a thorough discussion and comparison of the theories of k-summability and multisummabilityCan be treated both as a reference book and as a tutorial on the theories of summability and their links to the formal and local analytic aspects of linear ordinary differential equationsIncludes a discussion of the linear Stokes phenomenonThe theories are illustrated with many examples and over 70 color figuresAddressing the question how to “sum” a power series in one variable when it diverges, that is, how to attach to it analytic functions, the volume gives answers by presenting and comparing the various theories of k-summability and multisummability.
Authors: Delabaere, EricFeatures a thorough resurgent analysis of the celebrated non-linear differential equation Painlevé IIncludes new specialized results in the theory of resurgenceFor the first time, higher order Stokes phenomena of Painlevé I are made explicit by means of the so-called bridge equationThe aim of this volume is two-fold. First, to show how the resurgent methods introduced in volume 1 can be applied efficiently in a non-linear setting; to this end further properties of the resurgence theory must be developed.
Editors: Constantin, Adrian (Ed.)Equally interesting for mathematicians (pure and applied), physicists and engineers due to the interdisciplinary nature of the subject Covers background material as well as aspects that represent the state-of-the-art therefore recommended both for the novice and the expertThe discussions cover a wide range of open problemsThis volume brings together four lecture courses on modern aspects of water waves. The intention, through the lectures, is to present quite a range of mathematical ideas, primarily to show what is possible and what, currently, is of particular interest.W
Authors: Choe, Geon HoPresents the mathematical methods required for pricing financial derivativesEncourages hands-on experience and builds intuition by explaining theoretical concepts with computer simulationsCovers mathematical prerequisites, including measure theory, ordinary differential equations, and partial differential equationsThis book is an introduction to stochastic analysis and quantitative finance; it includes both theoretical and computational methods. Topics covered are stochastic calculus, option pricing, optimal portfolio investment, and interest rate models.
Editors: Van Dien, Stephen (Ed.)Combines theory and practiceAddresses challenges along the entire workflow from project conception to commercialization Includes most recent advances in the fieldThis volume reviews the current metabolic engineering tools and technologies from a practical point of view, and guides researchers as they overcome challenges at various stages of organism and bioprocess development. Microbes have been engineered to produce a variety of industrial products such as fuels, basic chemicals, fine chemicals, nutritional supplements, and pharmaceutical intermediates, and new tools such as gene synthesis, advanced cloning techniques, ‘omics’ analysis, and mathematical modeling have greatly accelerated the pace of innovation in the field.
This text presents and studies the method of so –called noncommuting variations in Variational Calculus. This method was pioneered by Vito Volterra who noticed that the conventional Euler-Lagrange (EL-) equations are not applicable in Non-Holonomic Mechanics and suggested to modify the basic rule used in Variational Calculus. This book presents a survey of Variational Calculus with non-commutative variations and shows that most basic properties of conventional Euler-Lagrange Equations are, with some modifications, preserved for EL-equations with K-twisted (defined by K)-variations.
Heritage and Social Media explores how social media reframes our understanding and experience of heritage. Through the idea of ‘participatory culture’ the book begins to examine how social media can be brought to bear on the encounter with heritage and on the socially produced meanings and values that individuals and communities ascribe to it.To highlight the specific changes produced by social media, the book is structured around three major themes: Social Practice. New ways of understanding and experiencing heritage are emerging as a result of novel social practices of collection, representation, and communication enabled and promoted by social media.
The fourth edition of Alternative Sweeteners follows the same formula as the previous three books by discussing each sweetener in terms its characteristics. Qualities covered include means of production, physical characteristics, utility, and relative sweetness (compared to sucrose). Technical qualities covered include admixture potential, application, availability, shelf life, transport, metabolism, carcinogenicity, and other toxicity evaluation data. A new chapter on the sweetener Advantame has been added, and new contributors have updated information throughout the book.
Developing a system that can cope with variations of system or control parameters, measurement uncertainty, and complex, multi-objective optimization criteria is a frequent problem in engineering systems design. The need for a priori knowledge and the inability to learn from past experience make the design of robust, adaptive, and stable systems a difficult task. Innovation in Power, Control, and Optimization: Emerging Energy Technologies unites research on the development of techniques and methodologies to improve the performance of power systems, energy planning and environments, controllers and robotics, operation research, and modern artificial computational intelligent techniques.
Neoclassical analysis extends methods of classical calculus to reflect uncertainties that arise in computations and measurements. In it, ordinary structures of analysis, that is, functions, sequences, series, and operators, are studied by means of fuzzy concepts: fuzzy limits, fuzzy continuity, and fuzzy derivatives. For example, continuous functions, which are studied in the classical analysis, become a part of the set of the fuzzy continuous functions studied in neoclassical analysis. Aiming at representation of uncertainties and imprecision and extending the scope of the classical calculus and analysis, neoclassical analysis makes, at the same time, methods of the classical calculus more precise with respect to real life applications.
Modern developments in theoretical and applied science depend on knowledge of the properties of mathematical functions, from elementary trigonometric functions to the multitude of special functions. These functions appear whenever natural phenomena are studied, engineering problems are formulated, and numerical simulations are performed. They also crop up in statistics, financial models, and economic analysis. Using them effectively requires practitioners to have ready access to a reliable collection of their properties.
This remarkable book – by turns moving, funny, and revelatory – records the relationship that developed between the women over the next twenty years. An empathic listener and participant in DeVries’ life, and a scholar of the feminist and disability rights movements, Frank argues that Diane DeVries is a perfect example of an American woman coming of age in the second half of the twentieth century.
Statistical methods are a key ingredient in providing data–based guidance to research and development as well as to manufacturing. Understanding the concepts and specific steps involved in each statistical method is critical for achieving consistent and on–target performance.
Showing 25–48 of 1874 results