Showing 1849–1872 of 1874 results
Introduction to Nonimaging Optics covers the theoretical foundations and design methods of nonimaging optics, as well as key concepts from related fields. This fully updated, revised, and expanded Second Edition:Features a new and intuitive introduction with a basic description of the advantages of nonimaging opticsAdds new chapters on wavefronts for a prescribed output (irradiance or intensity), infinitesimal étendue optics (generalization of the aplanatic optics), and Köhler optics and color mixingIncorporates new material on the simultaneous multiple surface (SMS) design method in 3-D, integral invariants, and étendue 2-DContains 21 chapters, 24 fully worked and several other examples, and 1,000+ illustrations, including photos of real devicesAddresses applications ranging from solar energy concentration to illumination engineeringIntroduction to Nonimaging Optics, Second Edition invites newcomers to explore the growing field of nonimaging optics, while providing seasoned veterans with an extensive reference book.
The methods of computational mechanics have been used extensively in modeling many physical systems. The use of multibody-system techniques, in particular, has been applied successfully in the study of various, fundamentally different applications.
In diesem Buch werden die experimentellen Grundlagen von Teilchendetektoren und ihre Anwendung in Experimenten beschrieben. Die Entwicklung von Detektoren ist ein wichtiger Bestandteil der Teilchen-, Astroteilchen- und Kernphysik und gehört daher zum Handwerk des Experimentalphysikers in diesen Gebieten. Dieses umfassende Werk beinhaltet den kompletten Stoff für entsprechende Master-Module in der experimentellen Teilchenphysik, geht aber im Inhalt auch darüber hinaus.Zielgruppe sind Studierende, die sich in die Materie vertiefen möchten, aber auch Lehrende und Wissenschaftler, die das Buch zum Einstieg in das wissenschaftliche Arbeiten an Detektorentwicklungen verwenden können.
Published by the American Geophysical Union as part of the Geophysical Monograph Series, Volume 150.Perhaps the most pressing scientific challenge before us concerns our understanding of the Earth and environmental change, which is occurring at a dramatic rate. Humanity can expect serious difficulties on the road ahead as a result, even to the point of threatening civilized progress itself. There is thus an urgent need to understand the state of the planet, to anticipate the effects and consequences of environmental change, and if necessary take preventive action.O
This is the second of two volumes offering the very first comprehensive treatise of self-organization and non-linear dynamics in electrochemical systems. The first volume covers general principles of self-organization as well as temporal instabilities.
The content of both volumes is organized so that each description of a particular electrochemical system is preceded by an introduction to basic concepts of nonlinear dynamics, in order to help the reader unfamiliar with this discipline to understand at least fundamental concepts and the methods of stability analysis.
As unique sources of coherent high-power, microwave, and millimeter-wave radiation, gyrotrons are an essential part of the hunt for controlled fusion. Presently, gyrotrons are actively used for electron cyclotron resonance plasma heating and current drive in various controlled fusion reactors. These sources have been under development in many countries for more than forty years. In spite of their widespread use, however, there is as yet no single book to introduce non-specialists to this vital field.N
This book provides a comprehensive introduction to the physical phenomena that result from the interaction of the sun and the planets – often termed space weather. Physics of the Space Environment explores the basic processes in the Sun, in the interplanetary medium, in the near-Earth space, and down into the atmosphere. The first part of the book summarizes fundamental elements of transport theory relevant for the atmosphere, ionosphere and the magnetosphere. This theory is then applied to physical phenomena in the space environment.
Ilya Prigogine (1917-2003) was a Russian-born naturalized Belgian physical chemist and Nobel Laureate noted for his work on dissipative structures, complex systems, and irreversibility. This 1980 book was perhaps his first work intended for a "general reader" (see his Order Out of Chaos, Is Future Given?, and The End of Certainty for later, easier-to-read books).He has three main theses: (1) "irreversible processes are as REAL as reversible ones." (2) "irreversible processes play a fundamental CONSTRUCTIVE role in the physical world.&
Master Math: Trigonometry is written for students, teachers, tutors, and parents, as well as for scientists and engineers who need to look up principles, definitions, explanations of concepts, and examples pertaining to the field of trigonometry. Trigonometry is a visual and application-oriented field of mathematics that was developed by early astronomers and scientists to understand, model, measure, and navigate the physical world around them.
This book aims to fill the gaps in the typical student’s mathematical training to the extent relevant for the study of econometrics. In most cases, proofs are provided and there is a verbal discussion of certain mathematical results.From the reviews of the third edition: JOURNAL OF THE AMERICAN STATISTICAL ASSOCIATION "This is an appropriate text for graduate students and researchers in econometrics who want a quick introduction to the necessary mathematics or those who wish to review the material.&
This inexpensive paperback provides a brief, simple overview of statistics to help readers gain a better understanding of how statistics work and how to interpret them correctly. Each chapter describes a different statistical technique, ranging from basic concepts like central tendency and describing distributions to more advanced concepts such as t tests, regression, repeated measures ANOVA, and factor analysis. Each chapter begins with a short description of the statistic and when it should be used.
This brand new series has been written for the University of Cambridge International Examinations course for AS and A Level Mathematics (9709). This title covers the requirements of P2 and P3. The authors are experienced examiners and teachers who have written extensively at this level, so have ensured all mathematical concepts are explained using language and terminology that is appropriate for students across the world. Students are provded with clear and detailed worked examples and questions from Cambridge International past papers, so they have the opportunity for plenty of essential exam practice.
Many useful procedures explained and taught: two-column addition, left-to-right subtraction, direct multiplication by numbers greater than 12, mental division of large numbers, more. Also numerous helpful short cuts. More than 8,000 problems, with solutions.
This volume is produced from digital images from the Cornell University Library Historical Mathematics Monographs collection.
The Mad, Mad, Mad World of Climatism is the first book on climate change that is fun to read. Using figures, cartoons, and whimsical sidebars, Steve Goreham describes our crazy world, which is far down the primrose path of global warming fantasy. Contrary to popular consensus, global warming is natural and cars are innocent. But this book is not short on science. Goreham uses charts, graphs, and references to dozens of scientific papers to support his arguments. He shows that icecap melting, stronger storms, polar bear extinction, and many other climate fears are unfounded.
The aim of this volume is to provide a general overview of the econometrics of panel data, both from a theoretical and from an applied viewpoint. Since the pioneering papers by Kuh (1959), Mundlak (1961), Hoch (1962), and Balestra and Nerlove (1966), the pooling of cross section and time series data has become an increasingly popular way of quantifying economic relationships. Each series provides information lacking in the other, so a combination of both leads to more accurate and reliable results than would be achievable by one type of series alone.
The analysis, prediction and interpolation of economic and other time series has a long history and many applications. Major new developments are taking place, driven partly by the need to analyze financial data. The five papers in this book describe those new developments from various viewpoints and are intended to be an introduction accessible to readers from a range of backgrounds. The book arises out of the second Seminaire European de Statistique (SEMSTAT) held in Oxford in December 1994. This brought together young statisticians from across Europe, and a series of introductory lectures were given on topics at the forefront of current research activity.
In this engaging scientific memoir, Kenneth Ford recounts the time when, in his mid-twenties, he was a member of the team that designed and built the first hydrogen bomb. He worked with — and relaxed with — scientific giants of that time such as Edward Teller, Enrico Fermi, Stan Ulam, John von Neumann, and John Wheeler, and here offers illuminating insights into the personalities, the strengths, and the quirks of these men. Well known for his ability to explain physics to nonspecialists, Ford also brings to life the physics of fission and fusion and provides a brief history of nuclear science from the discovery of radioactivity in 1896 to the ten-megaton explosion of "Mike" that obliterated a Pacific Island in 1952.F
On a winter day in 1903, in the Outer Banks of North Carolina, two unknown brothers from Ohio changed history. But it would take the world some time to believe what had happened: the age of flight had begun, with the first heavier-than-air, powered machine carrying a pilot. Who were these men and how was it that they achieved what they did? David McCullough, two-time winner of the Pulitzer Prize, tells the surprising, profoundly human story of Wilbur and Orville Wright. Far more than a couple of unschooled Dayton bicycle mechanics who happened to hit on success, they were men of exceptional courage and determination, and of far-ranging intellectual interests and ceaseless curiosity, much of which they attributed to their upbringing.
The theory of empirical processes constitutes the mathematical toolbox of asymptotic statistics. Its growth was accelerated by the 1950s work on the Functional Central Limit Theorem and the Invariance Principle. The theory has developed in parallel with statistical methodologies, and has been successfully applied to a large diversity of problems related to the asymptotic behaviour of statistical procedures. The three sets of lecture notes in the book offer a wide panorama of contemporary empirical processes theory.
The annals of field primatology are filled with stories about charismatic animals native to some of the most challenging and remote areas on earth. There are, for example, the chimpanzees of Tanzania, whose social and family interactions Jane Goodall has studied for decades; the mountain gorillas of the Virungas, chronicled first by George Schaller and then later, more obsessively, by Dian Fossey; various species of monkeys (Indian langurs, Kenyan baboons, and Brazilian spider monkeys) studied by Sarah Hrdy, Shirley Strum, Robert Sapolsky, Barbara Smuts, and Karen Strier; and finally the orangutans of the Bornean woodlands, whom Birute Galdikas has observed passionately.
Britain’s Sea Mammals is the essential field guide to all the sea mammals–whales, dolphins, porpoises, and seals–found in coastal Britain. The book features more than 100 stunning photographs and close to 40 detailed and beautiful illustrations of 34 species of sea mammals, paying special attention to the 14 species most readily seen and most likely to be encountered. Factoring in behavior and locations, introductory chapters look at sea mammal biology and ecology, and how, when, and where these creatures can be spotted.
Listen to birds sing as you’ve never listened before, as the world-renowned birdsong expert Donald Kroodsma takes you on personal journeys of discovery and intrigue. Read stories of wrens and robins, thrushes and thrashers, warblers and whip-poor-wills, bluebirds and cardinals, and many more bird. Learn how each acquires its songs, how songs vary from bird to bird and place to place, how some birds’ singing is especially beautiful or ceaseless or complex, how some do not sing at all, how the often quiet female has the last word, and why.H
The way birds behave is one of the vital keys to accurate identification and this book provides the experienced instruction needed to understand and get the most out of watching birds. The guide covers all the fundamental types of bird behaviour, including movement, feeding, breeding, migration, navigation, distribution, range, life and death, all of which are illustrated with beautiful photographs. There is a whole section dedicated to the behaviour of different species groups, from divers and grebes through to sparrows, buntings and finches.
Showing 1849–1872 of 1874 results