Showing 73–96 of 411 results
The use of game theoretic techniques is playing an increasingly important role in the network design domain. Understanding the background, concepts, and principles in using game theory approaches is necessary for engineers in network design.
Game Theory Applications in Network Design provides the basic idea of game theory and the fundamental understanding of game theoretic interactions among network entities. The material in this book also covers recent advances and open issues, offering game theoretic solutions for specific network design issues.
This book originates from 35 years of teaching Steam Generators to graduate students at the Politecnico of Milan, and from 45 years of professional activity in this area. This book has been written for practicing designers, users, and engineers of steam generators in order to guide them through practical problems and help avoiding technical mistakes.
This conference is the seventh in a series of topical meetings dealing with the nuclear fission process, mainly at low excitation energy. During these meetings, actual topics are discussed by a group of experts. These proceedings give an overview of the topics treated, and permit a rapid overview of the current activities in the field.
For many centuries, scientists have investigated the “fearful symmetry” that seemed to underlie the Universe. But increasingly, it looks as though life is the result of cosmic asymmetry, and scientists are now preparing to uncover the asymmetries at the heart of the Big Bang. This text follows the trail, from subtle asymmetries in Nature to the mysterious Higg’s boson that scientists now believe may hold the key to the birth of the Universe itself.
In the 1970s, an eccentric group of physicists in Berkeley, California, banded together to explore the wilder side of science. Dubbing themselves the Fundamental Fysiks Group, they pursued an audacious, speculative approach to physics, studying quantum entanglement in terms of Eastern mysticism and psychic mind reading. As David Kaiser reveals, these unlikely heroes spun modern physics in a new direction, forcing mainstream physicists to pay attention to the strange but exciting underpinnings of quantum theory.
The audience for this thorough overview includes advanced undergraduates and postgraduate researchers in macromolecular sciences who can benefit from more familiarity with the use of X-ray diffraction for obtaining structural information on biological substances, natural and synthetic high polymeric materials.
The 5,000-year struggle to align the heavens with the clock and what happened to the missing ten days.
Measuring the daily and yearly cycle of the cosmos has never been entirely straightforward.The year 2000 is alternatively the year 2544 (Buddhist), 6236 (Ancient Egyptian), 5761 (Jewish) or simply the year of the Dragon (Chinese). The story of the creation of the Western calendar is a story of emperors and popes, mathematicians and monks, and the growth of scientific calculation to the point where, bizarrely, our measurement of time by atomic pulses is now more acurate than Time itself: the Earth is an elderly lady and slightly eccentric – she loses half a second a century.
This book explains how society will face an energy crisis in the coming decades owing to increasing scarcity of fossil fuels and climate change impacts. It carefully explores this coming crisis and concisely examines all of the major technologies related to energy production (fossil fuels, renewables, and nuclear) and their impacts on our society and environment. The author argues that it is wrong to pit alternatives to fossil fuels against each other and proposes that nuclear energy, although by no means free of problems, can be a viable source of reliable and carbon-free electricity.
A delightful journey through the psychology and science of music, WHY YOU LOVE MUSIC is the perfect book for anyone who loves a tune.
Music plays a hugely important role in our emotional, intellectual, and even physical lives. It impacts the ways we work, relax, behave, and feel. It can make us smile or cry, it helps us bond with the people around us, and it even has the power to alleviate a range of medical conditions. The songs you love (and hate, and even the ones you feel pretty neutral about) don’t just make up the soundtrack to your life–they actually help to shape it.
In WHY YOU LOVE MUSIC, scientist and musician John Powell dives deep into decades of psychological and sociological studies in order to answer the question “Why does music affect us so profoundly?” With his relaxed, conversational style, Powell explores all aspects of music psychology, from how music helps babies bond with their mothers to the ways in which music can change the taste of wine or persuade you to spend more in restaurants. WHY YOU LOVE MUSIC will open your eyes (and ears) to the astounding variety of ways that music impacts the human experience.
How does the physics we know today – a highly professionalised enterprise, inextricably linked to government and industry – link back to its origins as a liberal art in Ancient Greece? What is the path that leads from the old philosophy of nature and its concern with humankind’s place in the universe to modern massive international projects that hunt down fundamental particles and industrial laboratories that manufacture marvels? John Heilbron’s fascinating history of physics introduces us to Islamic astronomers and mathematicians, calculating the size of the earth whilst their caliphs conquered much of it; to medieval scholar-theologians investigating light; to Galileo, Copernicus, Kepler, and Newton, measuring, and trying to explain, the universe.
Authors: Bettini, AlessandroPresents classical concepts, taking into account their evolution in modern physicsPlaces emphasis on the experimental basis of the conceptsIncludes references to the historical roots of basic concepts, including works of the original authorsProvides a number of “Questions” to help readers check their level of understandingAbout this TextbookThis second volume covers the mechanics of fluids, the principles of thermodynamics and their applications (without reference to the microscopic structure of systems), and the microscopic interpretation of thermodynamics.I
Authors: Laine, Mikko, Vuorinen, AleksiConcrete and self-contained style suitable for classroom or self-study, with the material divided into chapters that are directly usable as single lessonsIntroduces the basic formalism, concepts, and applications of thermal field theory in the current era of precision cosmology and heavy-ion physicsOffers a detailed exposition of the derivations of the basic equationsIllustrates the developed formalism with selected examples from contemporary research in cosmology and heavy ion physicsThis book presents thermal field theory techniques, which can be applied in both cosmology and the theoretical description of the QCD plasma generated in heavy-ion collision experiments.
Recent experimental progress has enabled cold atomic gases to be studied at nano-kelvin temperatures, creating new states of matter where quantum degeneracy occurs – Bose-Einstein condensates and degenerate Fermi gases. Such quantum states are of macroscopic dimensions. This book presents the phase space theory approach for treating the physics of degenerate quantum gases, an approach already widely used in quantum optics. However, degenerate quantum gases involve massive bosonic and fermionic atoms, not massless photons.
The Oxford Handbook of the History of Physics brings together cutting-edge writing by more than twenty leading authorities on the history of physics from the seventeenth century to the present day. By presenting a wide diversity of studies in a single volume, it provides authoritative introductions to scholarly contributions that have tended to be dispersed in journals and books not easily accessible to the general reader. While the core thread remains the theories and experimental practices of physics, the Handbook contains chapters on other dimensions that have their place in any rounded history.
In their prior Dover book, Theoretical Mechanics of Particles and Continua, Alexander L. Fetter and John Dirk Walecka provided a lucid and self-contained account of classical mechanics, together with appropriate mathematical methods. This supplement — an update of that volume — offers a bridge to contemporary mechanics.The original book’s focus on continuum mechanics — with chapters on sound waves in fluids, surface waves on fluids, heat conduction, and viscous fluids — forms the basis for this supplement’s discussion of nonlinear continuous systems.
Synapses underlie rapid and flexible neural communication in the brain and they hold the key to understanding higher brain functions in health and disease. Because they are very small and highly dynamic, it is very difficult to study them with traditional techniques. Fortunately, recent ground-breaking advances in optical microscopy (e.g. STED, PALM, STORM, SIM) have greatly improved our ability to image living synapses at the nanoscale, even down to the level of single molecules. The proposed volume brings together leading researchers to review these exciting new techniques and their application in neurobiological research.
Die Technische Thermodynamik gehört zur Basis der Ingenieurwissenschaften. Die zum Verstehen realer thermischer Prozesse erforderlichen Kenntnisse werden in diesem Lehrbuch mit ausführlichen Texten, vielen aussagekräftigen Abbildungen und durchgerechneten Beispielen vermittelt.
Authors: Thoennessen, Michael“THE” authoritative source for the determination of the discoveries of all nuclidesIncludes discoveries of new isotopes up to the end of 2015Provides a table of references from the earliest to the latest experimental papers for all isotopesThis book describes the exciting discovery of every isotope observed on earth to date, which currently numbers some 3000. The discoveries are arranged in chapters according to the observation techniques or production methods. Each chapter contains tables listing the first authors of the first publication as well as details about the production and detection methods used.
This book is a course in methods and models rooted in physics and used in modelling economic and social phenomena. It covers the discipline of econophysics, which creates an interface between physics and economics. Besides the main theme, it touches on the theory of complex networks and simulations of social phenomena in general.
After a brief historical introduction, the book starts with a list of basic empirical data and proceeds to thorough investigation of mathematical and computer models. Many of the models are based on hypotheses of the behaviour of simplified agents.
In recent years, the proliferation of available video content and the popularity of the Internet have encouraged service providers to develop new ways of distributing content to clients. Increasing video scaling ratios and advanced digital signal processing techniques have led to Internet Video–on–Demand applications, but these currently lack efficiency and quality. Scalable Video on Demand: Adaptive Internet–based Distribution examines how current video compression and streaming can be used to deliver high–quality applications over the Internet.
Recent developments in the angular momentum of light present fresh challenges to long established concepts and pave the way for new and wide-ranging applications. The scope for structured light such as optical vortices, in particular, now extends from microfluidics to quantum information. This is the first comprehensive edited collection dealing with light carrying spin and orbital angular momentum, covering both fundamental and applied aspects. Written by internationally leading specialists, the chapters have been compiled to reflect the latest scientific progress and to address the multitude of theoretical, experimental and technical issues associated with this vibrant and exciting field.
Written by two of the most prominent leaders in particle physics, Relativistic Quantum Mechanics: An Introduction to Relativistic Quantum Fields provides a classroom-tested introduction to the formal and conceptual foundations of quantum field theory. Designed for advanced undergraduate- and graduate-level physics students, the text only requires previous courses in classical mechanics, relativity, and quantum mechanics.
The introductory chapters of the book summarize the theory of special relativity and its application to the classical description of the motion of a free particle and a field.
This book presents a broad overview of the issues related to the flow of particles in suspensions. Chapters cover the newest research in advanced theoretical approaches and recent experimental techniques. Topics include macroscopic transport properties, the mechanics of capsules and cells, hydrodynamic diffusion and phase separation.
Extensively classroom-tested, A Course in Field Theory provides material for an introductory course for advanced undergraduate and graduate students in physics. Based on the author’s course that he has been teaching for more than 20 years, the text presents complete and detailed coverage of the core ideas and theories in quantum field theory. It is ideal for particle physics courses as well as a supplementary text for courses on the Standard Model and applied quantum physics.The text gives students working knowledge and an understanding of the theory of particles and fields, with a description of the Standard Model toward the end.
Showing 73–96 of 411 results