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The intent of the book is to provide readers with a summary of the obesity problem with specific focus on the metabolic health issues (ie, diabetes mellitus), obstructive sleep apnea, non-alcoholic fatty liver disease and the psychological effects of obesity. This will provide readers with an understanding of the commonly performed operations for obesity along with evidence-based outcomes, nutritional issues, and metabolic consequences.
This book provides an insightful analysis of the chemopreventive actions of flavonoids. Flavonoids are naturally occurring constituents of plants that have been traditionally used as anti-inflammatory and anti-cancer medicines. In addition, human consumption of vegetables and fruits with high concentrations of flavonoids is associated with decreased cancer mortalities rates. Flavonoids, Inflammation and Cancer presents an in-depth analysis of the mechanisms by which flavonoids are thought to prevent inflammation and the development of GI and steroid-responsive cancers.
Reduced production of DHEA associated with the diseases that accompany aging has led to its use as a nutritional supplement for antiaging, metabolic support, and other purposes. While animal studies have clearly shown substantial benefits of DHEA in combating various disease states, the effect of low levels of DHEA in humans is less established, and the mechanisms of action and potential involvement in illnesses remain unclear. DHEA in Human Health and Aging reviews the past ten years of research into this hormone and explores its potential for future study.
by Sheila A Moats , Julia Hoglund , Institute of Medicine (U.S.). Food and Nutrition Board , Language: English
This report examines nutrition-related issues of concern experienced by older adults in the community including nutrition screening, food insecurity, sarcopenic obesity, dietary patterns for older adults, and economic issues. This report explores transitional care as individuals move from acute, subacute, or chronic care settings to the community, and provides models of transitional care in the community. This report also provides examples of successful intervention models in the community setting, and covers the discussion of research gaps in knowledge about nutrition interventions and services for older adults in the community.C
Coffee, tea, and chocolate are among the most frequently consumed products in the world. The pleasure that many experience from these edibles is accompanied by a range of favorable and adverse effects on the brain that have been the focus of a wealth of recent research.
Tomatoes have become a dietary staple for humans in many parts of the world. The characteristic deep red color of the ripe tomato fruit and related products is mainly due to lycopene. Lycopene is the predominant carotenoid in tomatoes, followed by a-carotene, b-carotene, g-carotene, and phytoene, as well as by several other minor carotenoids. Tomatoes and tomato-based foods have long been an important source of lycopene in the Western diet.
This book comprehensively accounts the current understanding of genetic mechanisms of obesity by analyzing obesity phenotypes and genotypes and, gene polymorphisms and mutations, and current results from animal model research and genetic studies in human models
Following in the tradition of its popular predecessor, the CRC Desk Reference for Nutrition, Second Edition explains hundreds of terms commonly used in medicine, food science, metabolism, physiology, and nutrition.
As the field of nutritional neuroscience has grown, both the scientific community and the general population have expressed a heightened interest in the effect of nutrients on behavior. Diet, Brain, Behavior: Practical Implications presents the work of a diverse group of scientists who collectively explore the broad scope of research in the field.The subject matter of each chapter in this volume was chosen to ensure the current or potential for further applicability to practical, applied issues.
Get all the basics on fluids and electrolytes, with the newest edition of the one-and-only Fluids and Electrolytes Made Incredibly Easy!Backed by plenty of real-world examples, this popular guide is full of clear definitions, practical patient care info, and on-the-job how-to. Humor, illustrations, and a fun and easygoing style make it the most enjoyable way to absorb the science, concepts and real-world patient care skills. Gain the fluids and electrolytes knowledge and skills you need—in an incredibly easy way!Get the lowdown on fluids and electrolytes, with.
Over the past decade there has been a remarkable flowering of interest in food and nutrition, both within the popular media and in academia. Scholars are increasingly using foodways, food systems and eating habits as a new unit of analysis within their own disciplines, and students are rushing into classes and formal degree programs focused on food.Introduced by the editor and including original articles by over thirty leading food scholars from around the world, the Routledge International Handbook of Food Studies offers students, scholars and all those interested in food-related research a one-stop, easy-to-use reference guide.
by Leslie A Pray , Laura Pillsbury , Maria Oria , Institute of Medicine (U.S.). Food and Nutrition Board , National Research Council (U.S.). Board on Agriculture and Natural Resources , Language: English
he U.S. food system provides many benefits, not the least of which is a safe, nutritious and consistent food supply. However, the same system also creates significant environmental, public health, and other costs that generally are not recognized and not accounted for in the retail price of food. These include greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions, soil erosion, air pollution, and their environmental consequences, the transfer of antibiotic resistance from food animals to human, and other human health outcomes, including foodborne illnesses and chronic disease.
The development of effective preventive and therapeutic measures to control eating and body weight involves basic physiology as well as cognitive and social psychology. The potential of molecular genetics to illuminate brain-behavior relationships became apparent with the discovery of the leptin gene in 1994. At present, molecular methodologies are being integrated with other physiological approaches, resulting in a number of options from which effective therapeutic strategies may evolve. This book highlights this exciting juncture: Fifteen leading experts present brief descriptions of some of the latest developments of the physiology of eating and weight regulation, ranging from endocrine and neural controls to genetics and functional brain imaging.
Die zweite Auflage dieses jetzt in einem kompakten Band erscheinenden Taschenbuches bietet in knapper, übersichtlicher Darstellung die Grundlagen für die Kontrolle und Beurteilung von Lebensmitteln, Bedarfsgegenständen, Kosmetika und Futtermitteln.
It is no surprise that women and men experience biological and physiological differences fundamentally and throughout the lifecycle. What is surprising is that faced with such a self-evident truth, there should be so little consideration to date of how these differences affect susceptibility to disease and metabolic response to dietary treatment.
Advances in Conjugated Linoleic Acid Research, Volume 2 is the second book in a series devoted entirely to conjugated linoleic acid.
Early in the last century, vitamins C and E were identified as essential micronutrients for humans. Subsequent studies established the important roles of these vitamins as the body’s major dietary antioxidants
The role of nutrition education is to address the numerous personal and environmental influences on food choices and assist individuals in practicing healthy behaviors. Nutrition Education, Second Edition provides students with a simple, straightforward model to easily design effective nutrition education. Using a six-step process, it integrates theory, research, and practice, providing advice on designing, implementing, and evaluating theory-based nutrition education.
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