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This book presents a vivid description of the solutions that researchers have discovered for ethical dilemmas that pose themselves at studying disadvantaged, vulnerable and victimized populations. Ethical codes prescribe that the scholar should in all circumstances avoid potential harm, that informed consent is necessary and that the limits of confidentiality should always be respected. However, in the practice of research among women involved in prostitution, illegal immigrant workers, enslaved children, people who sell their organs and all the traffickers thereof, the ethical rules cannot always be followed.
The book selects Guangzhou, which has the highest crime rate in China, as a research site to study patterns of crime and social disorganization. It combines methods of content analyses with ethnographic fieldwork. The research first selected 1422 crime cases reported by the influential Southern Metropolis Daily in 2013 to identify the general crime-distribution pattern. The findings suggest that both spatial and demographic-density distribution of criminal cases in Guangzhou show a gradient circle pattern from city center to suburb.
This book addresses the interpretation and application of human rights norms by International Criminal Tribunals (ICTs). Such Tribunals are widely heralded as human rights defenders. At the same time, however, they employ activities that necessary entail the risk of human rights violations: they conduct criminal investigations, arrest and detain individuals, and put them on trial. This book investigates this flip-side of the ICTs’ relationship with international human rights law, and focuses on the ICTs’ own interpretation and application of human rights norms.F
A flexible and cost-effective alternative to larger, overwhelming texts, Criminal Justice: The Essentials, Third Edition, covers all the fundamental issues faced by law enforcement, the courts, corrections, and juvenile justice, leaving detailed specifics and tangential topics to the discretion of instructors to cover in class. Thoroughly revised and updated, the third edition features:* Discussion of many new topics including private corrections, restorative justice, and fiscal austerity in the criminal justice system* Revised and updated coverage of criminal liability, cybercrime, contemporary community corrections, juvenile delinquency, and emerging issues in criminal justice* Strong pedagogy throughout including "Web Activities" and additional critical-thinking exercises* An updated Companion Website containing study guides and self-quizzes, suggested websites and resources, and more (www.o
Master the ins and outs of the criminal justice system with ESSENTIALS OF CRIMINAL JUSTICE, Eighth Edition. With its cutting-edge high-profile cases, current research, detailed career information, and unique myth-busting theme, this bestseller equips you with a solid understanding of the modern criminal justice system.
How can it be, in a nation that elected Barack Obama, that one third of African American males born in 2001 will spend time in a state or federal prison, and that black men are seven times likelier than white men to be in prison? Blacks are much more likely than whites to be stopped by the police, arrested, prosecuted, convicted, and imprisoned, and are much less likely to have confidence in justice system officials, especially the police. In Punishing Race, Michael Tonry demonstrates in lucid, accessible language that these patterns result not from racial differences in crime or drug use but primarily from drug and crime control policies that disproportionately affect black Americans.
This book provides a comprehensive and authoritative account and analysis of restorative justice, one of the most rapidly growing phenomena in the field of criminology and justice studies.This book aims to meet the need for a comprehensive, reliable and accessible overview of the subject. It draws together leading authorities on the subject from around the world in order to:elucidate and discuss the key concepts and principles of restorative justiceexplain how the campaign for restorative justice arose and developed into the influential social movement it is todaydescribe the variety of restorative justice practices, explain how they have developed in various places and contexts, and critically examine their rationales and effectsidentify and examine key tensions and issues within the restorative justice movementbrings a variety of disciplinary and interdisciplinary perspectives to bear upon the understanding and assessment of restorative justice.T
Written by a master teacher with over a decade of experience in federal, state, and local justice agencies, this is the most comprehensive, yet affordable, corrections text on the market. Students will like everything about it – from the reasonable cost to the user-friendly narrative that keeps them engaged. Chapters are written with the passion of a former correctional trainer and administrator, while balancing both sides of every issue. Based on proven concepts of instructional design, the narrative features:measurable learning outcomes that are placed strategically throughout the chaptersmaterial is presented in a "building-block" method designed to enhance learning"Close-up on Corrections" boxes reinforce content with real-life stories and examples.R
While there is a lot of popular and academic interest in social media, this is the first academic work which addresses its growing presence in the surveillance of everyday life. Some scholars have considered its impact on privacy, but these efforts overlook the broader risks for users. Commonsense recommendations of care and vigilance are not enough, as attempts to manage an individual presence are complicated by the features which make social media ‘social’. Facebook friends routinely expose each other, and this information leaks from one context to another.
This new book examines the origins of and the relationship between the rise of the “victim movement” and the emergence of “restorative justice.” It assesses their strengths and weaknesses in meeting the needs of victims as part of the overall response to crime. For students from a range of disciplines including criminology, sociology, and law, and for professionals, practitioners, and policy makers working within the criminal justice system.
This book is the first examination of the history of prison policy in Ireland. Despite sharing a legal and penal heritage with the United Kingdom, Ireland’s prison policy has taken a different path. This book examines how penal-welfarism was experienced in Ireland, shedding further light on the nature of this concept as developed by David Garland. While the book has an Irish focus, it has a theoretical resonance far beyond Ireland. This book investigates and describes prison policy in Ireland since the foundation of the state in 1922, analyzes and assesses the factors influencing policy during this period and explores and examines the links between prison policy and the wider social, economic, political and cultural development of the Irish state.I
The terrorist attacks occurred in the United States on 11 September 2001 have profoundly altered and reshaped the priorities of criminal justice systems around the world. Atrocities like the 9/11 attacks, the Madrid train bombings of March 2003, and the terrorist act to the United Kingdom of July 2005 threatened the life of democratic nations.
The author of this volume skilfully demonstrates that a vital component to understanding crime is to be able to view it as more than a single activity. James W Messerschmidt argues that crime operates subtly through a complex series of gender, race and class practices and these interwoven elements must be seen as part of all social existence, not viewed independently.
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