Progressing from general scientific principles and concepts to in-depth topical discussions of current research and treatment methods, this comprehensive reference defines the cellular and molecular mechanisms contributing to inflammatory lung injury and repair. Extensive coverage is provided on key mediators and pathways important in acute and chronic pulmonary inflammation and lung injury, as well as the mechanistic pathophysiology of related diseases ranging from clinical acute lung injury (ALI) and the acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) to idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF) and other subacute and chronic conditions.
Additional chapters also address vascular dysfunction, surfactant dysfunction, reactive oxygen/nitrogen species, and cell and animal models of acute and chronic lung injury.
This comprehensive and up-to-date reference work and resource book covers state-of-the-art and state-of-the-practice for bridge engineering worldwide. Countries covered include Canada and the United States in North America; Argentina and Brazil in South America; Bosnia, Bulgaria, Croatia, Czech Republic, Denmark, Finland, France, Greece, Macedonia, Poland, Russia, Serbia, Slovakia, and Ukraine in the European continent; China, Indonesia, Japan, Chinese Taipei, and Thailand in Asia; and Egypt, Iran, and Turkey in the Middle East.T
The book examines the use of different materials for each region, including stone, timber, concrete, steel, and composite. It examines various bridge types, including slab, girder, segmental, truss, arch, suspension, and cable-stayed. A color insert illustrates select landmark bridges. It also presents ten benchmark comparisons for highway composite girder design from different countries; the highest bridges; the top 100 longest bridges, and the top 20 longest bridge spans for various bridge types including suspension, cable-stayed, extradosed, arch, girder, movable bridges (vertical lift, swing, and bascule), floating, stress ribbon, and timber; and bridge construction methods.